Scientists are still working to completely comprehend the complex brain changes linked to the onset and development of Alzheimer’s disease. Memory loss and other cognitive problems are likely to occur ten or more years before brain degradation starts. During this preclinical stage of Alzheimer’s disease, people seem to be symptom free, although damaging changes are taking place in the brain. The brain shrinks and brain cells die because of a result of Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative neurological illness. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, which is characterised by a continuous decline in mental, behavioural, and social skills and reduces a person’s capacity for independent living. With medicine, symptoms may temporarily improve or develop more slowly.
Have you ever been concerned about a loved one’s memory or cognitive abilities? If so, you may have questioned if Alzheimer’s symptoms or another dementia may be the cause. The question is, what to do next? If you look online or ask around, the general advice is to consult a specialist. Though not incorrect, this advice is insufficient. Yes, inform the physician. But if you go to the doctor armed with pertinent details about what you’ve seen, your chances of understanding things will increase. Most patients with Alzheimer’s disease are older adults, while it can also afflict those in their 30s or 40s. Early onset Alzheimer disease is the term used to describe Alzheimer disease that develops in people under the age of 65.
Sukino’s neuro-rehabilitation facilities in Bangalore and Kochi seek to help patients with persistent neurological difficulties in keeping their memories through the use of innovative neuro rehabilitation procedures and compassionate care. Many neurological diseases and injuries, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and spinal cord injuries, are treated at our neuro rehab centres in Bangalore and Kochi. The type and amount of care required for dementia patients will depend on the severity of the impairment and the patient’s symptoms. The rehabilitation care offered by Sukino includes a variety of modalities, such as physical therapy, pain management, gait and balance therapy, bladder and bowel retraining, speech and swallowing treatment, and pain management. Each person’s symptom progression progresses at a different rate. Some situations’ worsening symptoms can be attributed to other medical issues. Read on:
- Deterioration of cognitive abilities: Impairments of cognitive function may start out subtly with subpar performance in a task that the person once excelled at. Accidents can result from poor judgement and lack of understanding. People may quickly lose track of time early in the illness; subsequently, their disorientation worsens and spreads to places and other people. As the disease worsens, people’s perception of time gets more twisted. They may demand that it is time to leave as soon as they arrive somewhere or may whine that they haven’t been fed after a meal has finished. If your loved one is losing things they have recently learnt, these are the early warning signals to look out for. While forgetting names, dates, or phone numbers is common, dementia patients frequently forget these things.
- Planning and problem-solving difficulties: Alzheimer’s may be more noticeable if you or a loved one have trouble coming up with and sticking to a plan of action. It could get challenging to work with numbers. This is frequently apparent when you or a family member exhibit difficulties managing records of expenses or a monthly budget. Daily actions that most of us take for granted because they are so routine often prove challenging for people with disabilities. Alzheimer’s patients might not understand how to use a domestic appliance, prepare a meal, or engage in a longstanding activity.
- Changes in Visual Perception: One of the least-discussed symptoms of Alzheimer’s is changes in vision and visual perception. Some people could have trouble seeing and understanding their surroundings. They could have trouble assessing distances and run into difficulties while driving. One might not identify potentially hazardous circumstances. They might attempt to cross a busy roadway before it is safe to do so or go outside in summer attire when it is snowing. They lack sound financial judgement. A person who was frugal with their money may now start donating to people or organisations they hardly know.
- Speak or write with difficulty: Having discussions might be a challenge for someone who has dementia. It may be difficult to start a conversation with them since they could forget what they are saying or what someone else has said. There’s a chance that people will notice a decline in their grammar, punctuation, and spelling. It can become more challenging to read someone’s handwriting. Simple talks or other forms of communication become difficult for those with Alzheimer’s disease. If you notice that your loved one is having difficulty following or taking part in a discussion, there might be more than just difficulty with word choice. Misnaming things is a symptom that Alzheimer’s is getting worse.
- Repetition: Have you ever noticed your parents repeating themselves verbatim in their sentences or thoughts? It might be as easy as repeatedly mentioning something, like, “You looked handsome as a groom.” Make a note of the frequency if your parent tells jokes, asks the same questions, or has the same opinions every day or every other day. Repeatedly asking the same question or retelling the same account of a recent occurrence are typical signs of mild or severe Alzheimer’s.
- Sudden change in personality: Concern should be expressed if a loved one exhibits unusually high levels of anxiety, confusion, fear, or suspicion, gets angry quickly, loses interest in activities, or appears despondent. It’s possible for someone with Alzheimer’s disease to go through mood swings or personality changes. For instance, they might act cranky, sad, frightened, or apprehensive.
- Lack of physical control: Alzheimer’s disease causes the death of brain cells, which can eventually lead to severe physical and mental damage. As their mind struggles to communicate and assign responsibilities, your loved one’s body could shut down. The needs of your loved one will now sharply grow. They can require 24-hour care to help with sitting, walking, and swallowing. Their body may also become more susceptible to illnesses like pneumonia because of decreased mobility. Keep their lips and teeth clean and immediately apply an antibiotic ointment to cuts and scratches. In times like these, you can always depend on Sukino’s neurological rehabilitation services, where we take care of your loved one 24×7 and hence be your support.
- Forgetfulness and memory loss: The keys to one’s car might be found in the refrigerator, for example, if the person has Alzheimer’s disease. There’s a chance they’ll misplace anything and won’t be able to retrace their steps to find it. They could accuse other people of stealing as the illness worsens.
How can I help a person with Alzheimer’s as a caregiver?
Help, care, and support for Alzheimer’s caregiving can be physically, financially, and emotionally taxing. The demands of daily life and the decisions you must make while dealing with the progressive loss of independence of a loved one may leave you feeling overburdened. Rely on your support system, which should include other family members, friends, medical professionals, and support groups. To give your loved ones the attention and help they require, it’s crucial to put your own needs first.
At what stage should I consult a doctor?
Since Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative condition, the weeks and months following a diagnosis are frequently a wise time to consider long-term legal, financial, and medical issues. Please visit a doctor as soon as you notice any of the warning symptoms listed above. You can contact us.