Stroke is a global health problem. The capacity of stroke survivors to carry out their everyday activities independently is hampered by post-stroke problems. The incidence of stroke has practically tripled in India over the last several decades, according to the Indian Stroke Association. Every year, 1.8 million people in India experience a stroke, and only prompt medical attention can lower morbidity and mortality. A recent study published in JAMA Neurology in July 2020 shows a link between people with COVID-19 and an increased risk of ischemic stroke as the Covid-19 pandemic continues to impact people’s life. The general population now has to have a critical understanding of stroke because of an increased burden on stroke care.
The treatment of people who have just suffered a stroke is crucial. The optimal time for recovery is thought to be the first three months following the incident. If treatment programs and plans are not adhered to consistently, stroke survivors are at a high risk of experiencing another one. Having this care plan at home is not always practical.
Rehabilitation offers fresh techniques to make up for any leftover problems. For instance, if one’s ability to utilize language has been impacted, learning how to bathe, dress, and use assistive equipment with one hand may be necessary. Stroke rehabilitation programs are essential for assisting patients in regaining lost abilities, learning new skills, and working toward independence after a stroke.
What is stroke rehabilitation?
A program of various therapies called stroke rehabilitation helps one regain abilities you lost because of a stroke. Rehabilitation can assist with movement, speech, strength, and daily living skills, depending on the areas of your brain that were impaired by the stroke. One can restore their independence and enhance the quality of life with the aid of stroke rehabilitation. There are many stroke consequences, and each person recovers differently. Patients who take part in a focused program for stroke recovery heal faster than most of those who don’t. Therefore, stroke therapy is advised for everyone who has experienced a stroke.
What factors affect the outcome of stroke rehabilitation?
A patient has a better chance of recovering lost skills and abilities the sooner they start stroke recovery. Typically, treatment after a stroke will begin while they are still in the hospital, 24 to 48 hours following the stroke. These elements can influence how well a stroke rehabilitation program works.
- Each person recovers from a stroke differently. It’s difficult to foresee how many abilities one might regain and when. Successful stroke therapy typically requires:
- Physical factors, such as the extent of their stroke’s cognitive and physical effects
- One’s motivation, mood, and capacity to persevere with rehabilitation tasks outside of treatment sessions are all emotional elements
- Social aspects, such as support of family and friends
- A quick start to rehabilitation and the expertise of one’s stroke therapy team are among the therapeutic elements
- The recovery rate is often at its highest in the days and weeks following a stroke
How long does stroke rehabilitation last?
Rehabilitation following a stroke is based on the extent of the stroke and any complications. Some stroke victims make a full recovery. But most stroke victims require some sort of long-term therapy. After their stroke, this could last for months or even years. As one relearns their abilities and their needs alter, the stroke rehabilitation plan will vary as one heals. Results can be achieved over time with consistent practice.
What skills can one relearn during a stroke rehabilitation program?
To help one be as independent as possible, rehabilitation aims to enhance or restore the patient’s speech, cognitive, motor, and sensory skills.
- Speech abilities – One can learn to communicate properly and consistently with the help of speech and language therapists. They can also educate the patient on alternative forms of communication if the damage is too severe.
- Cognitive abilities – One can regain these skills with the aid of occupational therapists and speech therapists. They can also contribute to making the patient’s home a secure place.
- Motor skills – One can learn how to balance and strengthen their muscles with the aid of physical therapists. They can also teach stretching techniques to help a patient manage muscle spasms. However, as one rediscovers motor abilities, one might need to use a walking aid.
- Sensory skills – A stroke can impair a portion of one’s body’s sensitivity to sensory cues, including pressure, heat, and cold. To assist the patient’s body is adjusting to the shift, therapists can work with them.
What are some signs of a stroke?
The degree of the symptoms will depend on how serious the stroke was. You need to be aware of what to look out for before you can assist. Look for these signs:
- Tingling, weakness, or numbness on one side of the body
- Blurred, dim, or lost vision, especially in one eye
- A lack of bowels or bladder control
- Feeling unsteady or lightheaded
- Loss of consciousness or balance
When should stroke rehabilitation start?
One has a better chance of recovering lost talents and skills if you start stroke rehabilitation as soon as possible. While the patient is still in the hospital, stroke rehabilitation frequently begins 24 to 48 hours following the stroke. The recovery following a stroke is a slow and unpredictable process, therefore patients and their carers must know this. This is so because a stroke’s severity can vary, and medical professionals—including nurses and therapists—can only guess at each patient’s response based on where the stroke occurred. People who have had major strokes will typically recover more slowly and need a longer, more gradual period to do so.
Does stroke rehabilitation help with mental health?
Following a stroke, it’s typical for patients to feel disheartened, dejected, or anxious about their recovery and their restrictions. Along with support groups and family education, counselling is incorporated into stroke rehabilitation programs as part of the overall therapy plan. These programs can help families care for loved ones recuperating from a stroke.
Emotional and psychological changes are common following a stroke. These changes can include excessive responses, emotions that are inappropriate for the situation, irritation or hostility, and even uncontrolled or impulsive behaviour. Along with behavioural management coaching and medication, cognitive behavioural therapy can be helpful.
Sukino offers the ideal balance of supervision and cares for stroke victims undergoing recovery. Rehabilitate your loved one at the most complete rehab facility in Bangalore or Kochi. We smoothly and painlessly manage the patient’s journey, bridging the distance between the hospital and home. Many patients with post-stroke paralysis have received rehabilitation at Sukino, where we have assisted them in managing their daily routines and returning to normalcy. Retraining the patients’ injured muscles and nerves is the main aim of our doctors and nurses in the post-stroke rehabilitation program.